7 Instant Pot Burn Mistakes You Need to Avoid

Instant Pot Burn Message: Need help with the dreaded Instant Pot Burn Message or Overheat Error on screen display? This guide explains what the Burn Code or Ovht Error mean, why your Instant Pot says Burn, and helps you avoid the burn error. #instantpot #instantpotrecipes #pressurecooker #pressurecookerrecipes

Did you get the dreaded Instant Pot Burn Message or Ovht Error on the display screen?

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Instant Pot Burn is one of the most common errors new potheads run into.

First, don’t panic!

We understand you may be frustrated, especially when there’s a hangry family to feed. 🙁

Below, we’ll go through what it means when the Instant Pot says Burn, the 7 most common mistakes that trigger the Burn error, and what to do when you get the Instant Pot Burn Message.

Instant Pot Burn Guide:

*Click on the links below to jump to a specific section. 

*Note: We’ve been hearing & seeing some new Instant Pots triggering the Burn Message even when users didn’t make any of the mistakes below. This has even happened to some experienced Instant Pot users who were using their usual tried & true recipes in their newly purchased Instant Pots. We have yet to confirm with the Instant Pot Company if they have made adjustments to their newest Instant Pots.

A. What Does Instant Pot Burn Message Mean?

Instant Pot Burn Message: Need help with the dreaded Instant Pot Burn Message or Overheat Error on screen display? This guide explains what the Burn Code or Ovht Error mean, why your Instant Pot says Burn, and helps you avoid the burn error. #instantpot #instantpotrecipes #pressurecooker #pressurecookerrecipes

Don’t worry! It doesn’t mean your Instant Pot is on fire. 🙂

The Burn Code on Instant Pot simply means there’s an Instant Pot Overheat Error.

Instant Pot has a built-in “burn-protection” mechanism that prevents users from burning food in the Instant Pot.

When it detects a high temperature (140°C or 284°F) at the bottom of the inner pot, the “burn-protection” mechanism suspends heating. This often means the bottom layer is overcooked and getting dry.

This is when you would see the “Burn” Message or “Ovht” Error on the screen display.

B. Why Does My Instant Pot Says Burn?

Now you know what “Burn” means, you’re probably wondering “What am I doing wrong?”

The challenge with using pressure cookers is that food sits at the bottom of the pot and you can’t stir the food as it builds up the pressure. Thus, there are rules to follow to prevent you from burning food in Instant Pot! 🙂

Here are the 7 most common mistakes users make that trigger the Instant Pot Burn.

7 Common Mistakes Causing Instant Pot Burn Error

Mistake #1: Not Enough Liquid in Instant Pot

When there’s not enough thin cooking liquid in the Instant Pot, it may not be able to generate enough steam to come up to pressure. The bottom of the pot will become too hot, thus triggering the “Burn” code.

*Pro Tip: This issue happens more often when cooking very high starch content (i.e. beans, rice).


#1. Use Minimum 1 Cup of Total Liquid

Unless the tested recipe stated otherwise, we recommend new users to use 1 cup of total liquid until they get comfortable cooking with the pressure cooker.

#2. Use Tested Recipes

Follow our Tested Instant Pot Recipes with tried & true Liquid Ratios & Pressure Cooking Time until you’re comfortable creating your own.

Mistake #2: Liquid in Instant Pot is Too Thick

If your cooking liquid is too thick to come up to a boil, heat will build up at the bottom before the top starts to boil. Your pot may not be able to get up to pressure & triggers the Burn message.


#1. Have Enough Thin Cooking Liquid

Make sure you have thin liquid at the bottom of the inner pot.

#2. Do Not Mix Thick Sauces

Do NOT mix in the thick, saucy ingredients such as tomato paste or tomato sauce with other ingredients. Simply layer the thick sauce on top of the other ingredients.


In our Instant Pot Chili Recipe, we have chicken stock mixture & other ingredients at the bottom of the pot. Then, we pour the crushed tomatoes right on top of the other ingredients.

As shown in below photo, we just let them sit on top, then proceed to close lid & start pressure cooking. No mixing involved.

do not mix the tomato paste to avoid scorching

#3. Add Thickener After Pressure Cooking Cycle

Always add thickener such as cornstarch, flour, arrowroot, or potato starch after the pressure cooking cycle. Keep in mind there are some exceptions when only a very small amount is used.

Example: In our Instant Pot Umami Pot Roast Recipe, we thicken the gravy with cornstarch mixture at the final step after pressure cooking.

Mistake #3: Pressure Cook Cream or Milk Directly in Instant Pot

Some food such as cream or milk scald easily in the Instant Pot. They will create a film at the bottom that will overheat the inner pot.


Do NOT add cream or milk directly in the inner pot before pressure cooking. There are 2 workarounds for recipes with cream or milk.

#1. Add Cream or Milk After Pressure Cooking

Example: In our Instant Pot Tomato Soup Recipe, we added the heavy cream after pressure cooking, blending, and straining the soup (as shown in below photo).

Instant Pot Tomato Soup Recipe (Pressure Cooker Tomato Soup): season homemade tomato basil soup

#2. Use Pot-in-Pot Method

Example: In our Instant Pot Spinach Chicken Alfredo Pasta Recipe, we prevent the risk of scorching by cooking the homemade Alfredo Sauce (includes heavy cream & grated cheese) separately in a smaller stainless steel pot on top of the pasta (as shown in below photo).

Instant Pot Spinach Chicken Alfredo Pasta Recipe: Pot-in-Pot Chicken and Pasta

Mistake #4: Did Not Deglaze Inner Pot Bottom

Instant Pot is awesome for allowing users to saute directly in the inner pot.

Take note that after sauteing, there will be some brown bits stuck to the the bottom of the pot. Don’t worry! These are not burnt food debris.

However, when users don’t fully scrub these flavorful brown bits off the pot before pressure cooking, it’ll trigger Instant Pot to think the food content inside is burnt.


After sauteing, be sure to fully deglaze the pot bottom by pouring some thin cooking liquid (e.g. broth) then scrub the flavorful brown bits off with a wooden spoon (as shown in photo below). You don’t need to discard the flavorful brown bits.

Easy Pressure Cooker Ginger Pork Shogayaki Recipe (Pot-in-Pot): deglazing with homemade Garlic Miso Sauce

Mistake #5: Forgot to Turn Venting Knob to Sealing Position

Forgetting to seal the pot is a common rookie mistake.

When the Instant Pot isn’t completely sealed, more liquid than necessary will escape from the pot as steam. Therefore, there won’t be enough liquid in the pot – results in the same situation as Mistake #1 above.


Make it a habit to turn the Venting Knob to Sealing Position every time you start pressure cooking. Don’t walk away until you made sure the Floating Valve has popped up.

Instant Pot Water Test Sealing Position

Mistake #6: Steam is Leaking From Silicone Sealing Ring

When steam is leaking like below photo, it means the Instant Pot isn’t properly sealed.

Similar situation as Mistake #5 above – more liquid than necessary escaped from the pot as steam, so there was not enough liquid in the pot.

10 Common Mistakes for New Instant Pot Users: No Sealing Ring

4 Common Causes for Leaking Steam From Sealing Ring:

  • Forgot to place sealing ring back into the lid
  • Sealing ring is damaged, cracked
  • Food debris attached to the sealing ring
  • Lid was not closed properly

*Pro Tip: Same issue can happen with the Floating Valve – if steam leaks for over 2 mins, check the Floating Valve & its’ silicone seal for food debris, damages, or if the silicone seal is seated properly.


Make it a habit to ensure the sealing ring is properly installed, check for damages or debris every time before you close the lid for pressure cooking.

Mistake #7: Objects Stuck Under Inner Pot Above Heating Element

Things get chaotic in the kitchen. Sometimes unwanted food, liquid, or things can get on the heating element without you knowing.

When you unknowingly place the inner pot on top and start cooking, the objects will burn.

Instant Pot Burn Message due to objects on Instant Pot heating element. #instantpot #instantpotrecipes #pressurecooker #pressurecookerrecipes

We don’t have any photos to show you the aftermath, but yes…sadly we’ve seen fellow users’ share their photos of toys & kids socks stuck melted on the heating element. 🙁


Always check to make sure the heating element is clear of objects, and wipe dry the inner pot’s exterior before placing it inside the Instant Pot Housing.

C. What to do when I have the Instant Pot Burn Error?

First, don’t panic!

The Instant Pot is safe. It simply stopped heating up.

Step 1 – Release Pressure:

If your pot is under pressure, first release the pressure in the pot. *NEVER EVER force open the lid.

Step 2 – Open Lid & Check Pot Bottom:

When the pin has dropped, carefully open the lid. Check if there’s anything stuck to the bottom of the inner pot.

*Pro Tip: If the pot contains very thick sauce, wait a few more minutes before opening the lid.

Step 3 – Remove Burnt Content:

  • Minor Burnt Food: If there’s only a little bit of food stuck to the bottom, use a wooden spoon to scrub it all off.
  • Major Burnt Food: If there’s blackened burnt food stuck to the bottom, first remove all food content, then soak the inner pot with soapy water & scrub.

*Pro Tip: If the burnt food is difficult to remove, you can try Pressure Cooking water with vinegar, Natural Release, then scrub some more. *This is when an extra inner pot comes in handy.

Step 4 – Check Heating Element:

If there’s nothing stuck to the pot bottom, check if there’s anything stuck between the inner pot and heating element (Instant Pot housing).

Step 5 – Check Silicone Ring, Venting Knob, Floating Valve:

Check if silicone ring, venting knob, valve is defective, installed properly, or if anything is obstructed.

Step 6 – Restart Pressure Cooking Process:

Place ingredients back into the cleaned & dried inner pot. Dilute the cooking liquid until consistency is thin. Resume the pressure cooking & adjust the pressure cooking time accordingly.

*Pro Tip: For reference – add 1 – 2 cups of thin cooking liquid – please adjust this amount accordingly to the type of food you’re cooking & the burnt situation.

D. Still Have Questions?

If you’re still unsure what went wrong, need help, or have thoughts to add, let’s chat in the comments below. 🙂

Read More: 10 Common Mistakes You Can Avoid as New Instant Pot User

Avoid these 10 Most Common Mistakes by New Instant Pot Users will save you some stress & frustrations in using your Instant Pot Electric Pressure Cooker!

Instant Pot Burn Message: Need help with the dreaded Instant Pot Burn Message or Overheat Error on screen display? This guide explains what the Burn Code or Ovht Error mean, why your Instant Pot says Burn, and helps you avoid the burn error. #instantpot #instantpotrecipes #pressurecooker #pressurecookerrecipes

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newest oldest most helpful

I’ve placed uncooked pasta, raw veggies, and browned sausage in my IP, and mixed them together. I set my IP to medium for two minutes. The first time it worked well. The second time I got a soupy mess with overcooked pasta. The third time I kept getting a burn warning. My question is, if I open the lid to scrape the bottom to fix the burn warning, cook for the remaining 30 seconds or so, won’t reheating/rebuilding pressure overcook my pasta? I guess I don’t understand how to scrape the bottom and “reset” my IP without it overcooking food?

Pressure Cooker
Instant Pot MAX

I have learned a lot about the pot by reading your articles. Thank you

Pressure Cooker
Instant Pot DUO 60
John Rhodes

I want to thank Amy and Jacky for this article on the
burn issue. It helped me greatly last night.

Pressure Cooker
Instant Pot DUO 60

Now water is coming out the bottom of the pot After the “food burn” notice was displayed.

Pressure Cooker
Instant Pot DUO 60

I recently got an 8 qt instant pot. When I did the water test with 2 cups of water as recommended in the manual, it didn’t work. I wrote the company and they told me to retry it with 2 liters of water, which then worked ok. I cooked a few things in it after that without any issues. However, today I tried to make some broth with a small chicken carcass and 6 cups of water. As soon as the IP reached pressure, I got the burn message. What?? How can broth burn?? When I opened the lid, the… Read more »

Pressure Cooker
Instant Pot DUO 80

Thank you!


I have my instant pot and when I used it the first time it worked very well. I’ve have had it now for a month and I’m starting to have issues. When I cook food I put my food in first, close the lid till it locks, seal the valve, press pressure cooker, set the timer, and then wait. The problem I’m having is it’s not switching to the timer and it’s burning my food. I’ve had recipes where I’ve added 3 cups water and it still burns. I’ve take my seal out and put it back in but I’m… Read more »

Pressure Cooker
Instant Pot DUO 60

I’m trying to do the initial test run on my new Duo Nova. I’ve done it twice and got a food burn error both times. The first time I did not see any steam coming from the lid. The second time I saw a little steam coming from the float valve. Obviously I’m a first time user 🙂. What am I doing wrong??

Pressure Cooker
Other Pressure Cooker, Please specify in comment.

It was 3 cups of water and the floating valve did not come up. I checked the silicone ring and it was in and the knob was turned to seal. Thanks!

Adrienne McMurdy

Thanks so much for the info on burn messages. It happened to me once and now I know why. The tips are helpful!! I just didn’t have enough liquid in the pot that time. So glad to hear you are both feeling better after your accident!

Pressure Cooker
Instant Pot MAX
Jeanne Scarfo

What does C7 mean

Pressure Cooker
Instant Pot DUO EVO PLUS 60

Wow they really overloaded that error code


Hi there, I got a duo nova IP for Christmas. I thought making chicken wings would be simple! Lol I put a cup of water in, everything was sealed and installed correctly. I had enough wings so that the wire rack was covered in one layer. Some of the wings were small, so they did eventually go through the rack and touch the bottom of the pot. So I put the ip in manual pressure cook for 10 mins. It seemed to be taking quite a while to pressurize, quite a lot of steam was coming out the vent and… Read more »

Pressure Cooker
Other Pressure Cooker, Please specify in comment.

I bought my daughter an instant pot for Christmas last year and she was having the same problem. Turned out the pot was missing the silicone stopper that goes on the bottom of the little red knob thingy. She emailed them and the company sent her one. If you’ve never used the pot before, you wouldn’t realize it was missing a part.

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